Kaya Chikitsa – Internal Medicine
It is the main branch of ayurveda and it deals with the general medicine. Kaya in literal terms means body. Hence it is related to the methods by which body is relived by miseries but is the myth that it only deals with the physical body. It also helps in combating with the subtle body also. Hence it is more of a psycho-somatic way of treatment. When the tridosha (vata, pitta and kapha) of the body gets vitiated, it interferes with the sapta dhatus (seven tissues) of the body to disrupt the normal bodily function. Kaya chikitsa is s holistic way of curing a disease by reaching the root cause the problem and then rectifying it with the medicines and food supplements. Various methods have been devised to examine the patient so as the cause of his misery and ailments are detected. Accordingly he is supplied with the remedy. There has been inclusion of various methods of performing treatments. One of the most common and the effective way of treating a disease is panchkarma. This is the series of five procedures or operations through which body is purified and cleansed from the vitiated dosha to achieve the state of homogenizes and happiness. In lay man term we can define panchkarma as the method by which there is the reversal of the pathway of the entry of the disease by detoxifying the body.
Charak samhita is the most appreciated book for practicing Kaya chikitsa. Charak samhita contains eight sthana which have a specific knowledge regarding subjects like anatomy, pathology medicine etc.