Mimusops Elengi Linn
Botanical Name: Mimusops Elengi Linn
Sanskrit Name: Bakula
Family Name: Sapotaceae
Vernacular names :
- Hindi – moulasiri
- Kannada –bakula
- Malayalam –elengi
- Tamil –vagulam, magadam
- Marathi – Bakuli
- Konkani – Omval
Chira puspa, Madhugandha, Kesara, Sthirapuspa
Mimusops Elengi Linn is a medium sized tree with white and fragrant flowers.
Charaka and Susruta have delinetedBakula in their Texts while Vagbhata did not. Bhavamisra described two varieties of Bakula i.e.; Bakula and Baka (Brihat Bakula). The later variety is identified with Osmanthus fragrans Linn.
A small to large evergreen tree found in the Deccan Peninsula and Andaman Islands, and frequently cultivated in gardens for ornament ; it is grown also as an avenue or shade tree throughout the greater part of India. Bark dark grey, fissured ; leaves variable, elliptic, oblong or oblanceolate ; flowers axillary, solitary or in fascicles, small, creamy white. star-shaped, fragrant : berry ovoid, containing rarely 2 seeds yellow when ripe : seeds ovoid, compressed, greyish brown, shining.
The tree attains large dimensions in the moist evergreen forests of western ghats : in the eastern ghats. it is found in dry areas, often on laterite, and is comparatively small in size. In Andamans it attains a height tip to 35 in. with a bole c. 6 in. long x 2.5 m. girth. The tree is a shade bearer and appears to reproduce well under shade. It is best propagated by sowing seeds singly in baskets and planting out seedlings in the field usually after two years, in the rainy season. The rate of growth is slow (Troup, II, 637-38),
Deccan peninsula, Andaman islands and throughout greater part of india
Quercitol, lupeol, oleic & linoleic acids, taraxerol, meso-inositol etc.
Rasa – kasaya, katu
Guna – guru, snigdha
Virya – sita
Karma –kapha – pitta hara, grahi, hridya, dantya
Danta roga, svitra, atisara, krimi
Root, bark, stem bark, fruit and flower
Decoction 50-100 ml, powder 1-3g
- Chala Danta : Using the seed powder of Bakula as tooth powder
- Toothache:Bark powder is applied.
- Teeth cleaning, strengthening gums:Tender twigs are used for teeth cleaning.
- Loose teeth:Unripe fruits are used as masticatory.
- Improving fertility in women:Fruit pulp is eaten.
- Promoting delivery:Ripe fruit is given to promote delivery.
- Causing miscarriage or abortion: Fruits are sometimes used for abortion.
- Eyesight weakness, Diseases of Eyes:7-14 ml. leaf juice is taken twice daily with honey.
- Brain tonic:The powder of dried flower is eaten as brain tonic.
- Chronic diarrhea, Weakness after diarrhea:The fruit pulp is eaten.
- Headache:The dried flower powder is used a snuff in case of headache.
(1) The leaf extract showed antibacterial activity in vitro (Satyanarayana et al; 1977).
(2) Ethanolic extract 90%) of the fruits and leaves showed hypotensive effect in dog (Sharma et al; 1978).
(3) The 50% ethanolic extract (whole plant excluding roots) showed diuretic action in rats (Aswal et al; 1984).
(4) Saponin from seeds has been reported to have spermicidal activity (Benerji et al; 1978).