Sphaeranthus Indicus Linn
Botanical Name: Sphaeranthus Indicus Linn
Sanskrit Name: Mundi
Family Name: ASTERACEAE
Vernacular names :
- Hindi – gorakh mukhi
- Telugu – bodataramu
- Malayalam – mirangini
- Tamil – kottakaranthai
Sravani, Alambusa, Kadambapuspi, Bhumi Kadamba
Mundi (Sphaeranthus Indicus Linn) is an annual herb which grows upto 30 cm. height. Its flowers are violet coloured.
Mundi (Sphaeranthus Indicus Linn) is mentioned as Sravani in the Brihat Trayi texts. Sravani and Maha Sravani are the two varieties mentioned in the literature. Charaka considered Maha sravani as Alambusa and Dalhana considered Kulahala as Mundi.
Thakurji is of the view that both varieties of Sravani are described together in C.S.Vi. 8/146 and this view is not accepted by Chakrapani. There fore Kulahala may be Blumea species.
More over, Sravani and Mahasravani have also been mentioned as two varieties of Soma-like powerful drugs. The Himalayan species of Polygonum or Blumea species with Mundi like flower heads may be surveyed and examined for their possible sources. As on date many consider S. indicus as Sravani (Muryli) and S. africans Linn as Mahasravani Linn.
An aromatic herb, 30-60 cm. tall, found abundantly in damp situations in the plains all over India, ascending to an altitude of c. 1,500 m. in the hills, especially as a weed in the rice-fields. Stems with toothed wings;,leaves obovate-oblong, serrate; flowers in heads, purple.
Sphaerene, sphaeranthol, sphaeranthine, etc.
Rasa – tikta, katu
Guna – laghu, ruksha
Virya – usna
Vipaka – katu
Karma – tridosha hara, methya, rasayana
All five parts – “pachanga”
Fresh juice – 10-20ml
Amavata – sunthi and mundi kalka are given together orally
All parts of the plant find medicinal uses. The juice of the plant is styptic and said to be useful in liver and gastric disorders. The paste of the herb, Made with oil, is applied in itch. The powdered seeds and roots are given as an anthelmintic. A decoction of the root is used in chest-pains, cough, and bowel complaints. The bark, ground and mixed with whey, is said to be a useful application in piles. Flowers are credited with alterative, depurative, and tonic properties. Leaf juice is boiled with milk and sugar-candy and prescribed for cough. Antitubercular properties have also been ascribed to the plant (Kirt. & Basu, II, 1347; Rama Rao, 223; Dastur, Medicinal Plants, 219; Chopra, 1958, 601
Single herb medicinal use
Grind dried plant. Add little water in essential powder. Apply on the affected part once a day.
- Bad Breath
Take dried Sphaeranthus Indicus . Grind with Vinegar. Have one pinch in the morning and one pinch in evening.
Take dried Sphaeranthus Indicus .Leaves and grind. Have 2 pinches with lukewarm water twice a day.
Take 2 to 3 gram powder of Sphaeranthus Indicus . Leaves with lukewarm water twice a day.
Drink 1/4 glass juice of Sphaeranthus Indicus twice a day and drip one drop in each eye also.
- Skin Diseases
Powder the dried leaves of Sphaeranthus Indicus . Take 2 g twice a day.
Grind dried flowers of Sphaeranthus Indicus to make powder. Take quarter tsp of it. Have it twice a day.
Take half tsp powdered root of Sphaeranthus Indicus once a day. It helps in the expulsion of intestinal worms.
- Gastrointestinal Disorder
Powder the seeds of Sphaeranthus Indicus . Have quarter tsp of it thrice a day.
- Respiratory Diseases
Crush 500 g seeds of Sphaeranthus Indicus . Store it. Consume half tsp of it twice a day.
Grind the root bark of Sphaeranthus Indicus . Add half tsp of the powder in a glass of buttermilk. Drink it twice a day.
- Heavy Menstrual Bleeding
Add 3 g root bark powder of Sphaeranthus Indicus in a glass full of buttermilk. Have it two times a day.
Research and other references
- 7a—Hydroxycudesm-4-en-6, 12-olide exhibited antimicrobial activity (J. Res., Synop. 1989, 68).
- Capitula contain albumins, a semi-drying fatty oil (up to 5%), reducing sugars, tannins, mineral matter, a volatile oil (0.07%) with a characteristic odour and a bitter taste, and a glucoside (C2,1-12,0/2; m.p. 148-49°; yield 0.002%). No alkaloid was detected in the inflorescence. The glucoside on hydrolysis gave a water-soluble a.glucone, phenolic in nature. The unsaponifiable matter of the fatty oil showed fi-sitosterol, stigmasterol, n-triacontanol, n-pentacosane and hentriacontane. /3-D-glucoside of P-sitosterol has been isolated from the flowerheads [Tiwari, Proc. nat. Acad. Sci. India, 1946, 16A (pt 2 & 3), 55; Tiwari, ibid., 1963, 33A, 349; 1943, 13A, 88; Gupta, Indian j. pharm,. 1967, 29,47).